Агентство Лангуст [переход на главную] Langust
Яндекс.Метрика

Unit 3. The verb group
(глаголы)

Main points

1. The verb group in a clause is used to say what is happening in an action or situation. You usually put the verb group immediately after the subject. The verb group always includes a main verb.

I waited.

They killed the elephants.

2. Regular verbs have four forms: the base form, the third person singular form of the Present Simple, the "-ing" form or Present Participle, and the "-ed" form used for the Past Simple and for the Past Participle.

ask
try
reach
dance
dip
=> asks
tries
reaches
dances
dips
=> asking
trying
reaching
dancing
dipping
=> asked
tried
reached
danced
dipped

Irregular verbs may have three forms, four forms, or five forms. Note that "be" has eight forms.

cost
think
swim
be
=> costs
thinks
swims
am/ is/ are
=> costing
thinking
swimming
being
=>  
thought
swam
was/ were
=>  
 
swum
been

See the Appendix for details of verb forms.

3. The main verb can have one or two auxiliaries in front of it.

I had met him in Zermatt.

The car was being repaired.

The main verb can have a modal in front of it.

You can go now.

I would like to ask you a question.

The main verb can have a modal and one or two auxiliaries in front of it.

I could have spent the whole year on it.

She would have been delighted to see you.

4. In negative clauses, you have to use a modal auxiliary and put "not" after the first word of the verb group.

He does not speak English very well.

I was not smiling.

It could not have been wrong.

Note that you often use short forms rather than "not".

I didn't know that.

He couldn't see it.

5. In "yes/ no" questions, you have to put an auxiliary or modal first, then the subject, then the rest of the verb group.

Did you meet George?

Couldn't you have been a bit quieter?

In "wh"-questions, you put the "wh"-word first. If the "wh"-word is the subject, you put the verb group next.

Which came first?

Who could have done it?

If the "wh"-word is the object or an adverbial, you must use an auxiliary or modal next, then the subject, then the rest of the verb group.

What did you do?

Where could she be going?

6. Some verb groups have an object or two objects after them. See Unit 72 and Unit 73.

He closed the door.

She sends you her love.

Verb groups involving link verbs, such as "be", have a complement after them. See Unit 80.

They were sailors.

She felt happy.

Some verb groups have an adverbial after them.

We walked through the park.

She put the leffer on the table.

Вернуться Продолжить
хостинг от Зенон Н.С.П. © Langust Agency 1999-, ссылка на сайт обязательна