Агентство Лангуст [переход на главную] Langust
Яндекс.Метрика

Unit 22. Adjectives with ‘to’-infinitive or ‘that’-clauses
(прилагательные с неопределенными формами глагола или that-составными глагольными сказуемыми)

Main points

1. After link verbs, you often use adjectives that describe how someone feels about an action or situation. With some adjectives, you can add a ‘to’-infinitive clause or a ‘that’-clause to say what the action or situation is.

afraid
anxious
ashamed
disappointed
frightened
glad
happy
pleased
proud
sad
surprised
unhappy

If the subject is the same in both clauses, you usually use a ‘to’-infinitive clause. If the subject is different, you must use a ‘that’-clause.

I was happy to see them again.

He was happy that they were coming to the party.

You often use a ‘to’-infinitive clause when talking about future time in relation to the main clause.

I am afraid to go home.

He was anxious to leave before it got dark.

You often use a ‘that’-clause when talking about present or past time in relation to the main clause.

He was anxious that the passport was missing.

They were afraid that I might have talked to the police.

2. You often use ‘sorry’ with a ‘that’-clause. Note that ‘that’ is often omitted.

I'm very sorry that I can't join you.

I'm sorry I'm so late.

3. Some adjectives are not usually used alone, but have a ‘to’-infinitive clause after them to say what action or situation the adjective relates to.

able
apt
bound
due
inclined
liable
likely
prepared
ready
unlikely
unwilling
willing

They were unable to help her.

They were not likely to forget it.

I am willing to try.

I'm prepared to say I was wrong.

4. When you want to express an opinion about someone or something, you often use an adjective followed by a ‘to’-infinitive clause.

difficult easy impossible possible right wrong

She had been easy to deceive.

The windows will be almost impossible to open.

Am I wrong to stay here?

Note that in the first two examples, the subject of the main clause is the object of the ‘to’-infinitive clause. In the third example, the subject is the same in both clauses.

5. With some adjectives, you use a ‘that’-clause to express an opinion about someone or something.

awful
bad
essential
extraordinary
funny
good
important
interesting
obvious
sad
true
 

I was sad that people had reacted in this way.

It is extraordinary that we should ever have met!

6. You can also use adjectives with ‘to’-infinitive clauses after ‘it’ as the impersonal subject. You use the preposition ‘of ’ or ‘for’ to indicate the person or thing that the adjective relates to.

It was easy to find the path.

It was good of John to help me.

It was difficult for her to find a job.

See Unit 86 for ‘it’ as impersonal subject. See Unit 21 for more information about adjectives followed by ‘of  ’ or ‘for’.

Вернуться Продолжить
хостинг от Зенон Н.С.П. © Langust Agency 1999-2017, ссылка на сайт обязательна