Unit 28. Nouns with prepositions
(существительные с предлогами)
- ‘Of ’ can be used to add many different types of information, ‘with’ is used to specify a quality or possession.
- Some nouns are always followed by particular prepositions.
1. You can give more information about a noun by adding a prepositional phrase after it.
Four men on holiday were in the car.
A sound behind him made him turn.
2. You often use the preposition ‘of ’ after a noun to add various kinds of information. For example, you can use ‘of ’ to indicate:
- what something is made of or consists of
- what the subject matter of speech, writing, or a picture is
- what a person or thing belongs to or is connected with
- what qualities a person or thing has
…a wall of stone.
A feeling of panic was rising in him.
She gave a brief account of her interview.
There was a picture of them both in the paper.
She was the daughter of the village priest.
The boys sat on the floor of the living room.
She was a woman of energy and ambition.
They faced problems of great complexity.
3. After nouns referring to actions, you use ‘of ’ to indicate the subject or object of the action.
…the arrival of the police.
…the destruction of their city.
After nouns referring to people who perform an action, you use ‘of ’ to say what the action involves or is aimed at.
…supporters of the hunger strike.
…a student of English.
Note that you often use two nouns, rather than a noun and a prepositional phrase. For example, you say ‘bank robbers’, not ‘robbers of the bank’.
4. After nouns referring to measurement, you use ‘of ’ to give the exact figure.
…an average annual temperature of 20 degrees.
…a speed of 25 kilometres an hour.
You can use ‘of ’ after a noun to give someone's age.
Jonathan was a child of seven when it happened.
5. You use ‘with’ after a noun to say that a person or thing has a particular quality, feature, or possession.
…a girl with red hair.
…the man with the gun.
Note that you use ‘in’ after a noun to say what someone is wearing.
…a grey-haired man in a raincoat.
…the man in dark glasses.
6. Some nouns are usually followed by a particular preposition. Here are some examples of:
- nouns followed by ‘to’
- nouns followed by ‘for’
- nouns followed by ‘on’
- nouns followed by ‘with’ or ‘between’
- nouns followed by ‘in’
This was my first real introduction to Africa.
Their need for money is growing fast.
She had a dreadful effect on me.
His illness had some connection with his diet.
They demanded a large increase in wages.