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Unit 34. Adverbials of frequency and probability
(Worlds like: always, ever, never, perhabs, possibly, probably)
(наречия частоты повторения и вероятности)

Main points

1. You use adverbials of frequency to say how often something happens.

a lot
always
ever
frequently
hardly ever
never
normally
occasionally
often
rarely
sometimes
usually

We often swam in the sea.

She never comes to my parties.

2. You use adverbials of probability to say how sure you are about something.

certainly
definitely
maybe
obviously
perhaps
possibly
probably
really

I definitely saw her yesterday.

The driver probably knows the quickest route.

3. You usually put adverbials of frequency and probability before the main verb and after an auxiliary or a modal.

He sometimes works downstairs in the kitchen.

You are definitely wasting your time.

I have never had such a horrible meal!

I shall never forget this day.

Note that you usually put them after 'be' as a main verb.

He is always careful with his money.

You are probably right.

‘Perhaps’ usually comes at the beginning of the sentence.

Perhaps the beaches are cleaner in the north.

Perhaps you need a membership card to get in.

‘A lot’ always comes after the main verb.

I go swimming a lot in the summer.

4. ‘Never’ is a negative adverb.

She never goes abroad.

I've never been to Europe.

You normally use ‘ever’ in questions, negative sentences, and ‘if’-clauses.

Have you ever been to a football match?

Don't ever do that again!

If you ever need anything, just call me.

Note that you can sometimes use ‘ever’ in affirmative sentences, for example after a superlative.

She is the best dancer I have ever seen.

You use ‘hardly ever’ in affirmative sentences to mean almost never.

We hardly ever meet.

Unit 34. Adverbials of frequency and probability

The bus is always late.

Unit 34. Adverbials of frequency and probability

Perhaps it has broken down.

Unit 34. Adverbials of frequency and probability

It's probably stuck in traffic.

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