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Unit 10. I didn't … Did you …? (Past Simple negative and questions)
(отрицательные и вопросительные предложения в простом прошедшем времени)


See Unit 9. I watched/ cleaned/ went etc. (Past Simple)
 
We use did in Past Simple negatives and questions:
 
infinitive
watch
clean
play
do
go
have
begin
positive
I
we
you
they
he
she
it
watched
cleaned
played
did
went
had
began
negative
I
we
you
they
he
she
it
did not
(didn't)
watch
clean
play
do
go
have
begin
question
did I
we
you
they
he
she
it
watch?
clean?
play?
do?
go?
have?
begin?

do/does (Present) - did (Past):
 
- I don't watch television very often.
- I didn't watch television yesterday.
- Does she often go out?
- Did she go out last night?
 
We use did/didn't + infinitive (watch/ clean/do etc.):
 
I watched
he went
but
but
I didn't watch
did he go?
(not I didn't watched)
(not did he went?)

- I played tennis yesterday but I didn't win.
- Don didn't have breakfast this morning. (not Don hadn't breakfast)
- They went to the cinema but they didn't enjoy the film.
- We didn't do much work yesterday.
 
Note the word order in questions with did:
 
 
 
What
How
Where
did
Did
did
did
did
+ subject
Sue
you
the accident
your parents
+ infinitive
give
do
happen?
go
 
you a birthday present?
yesterday evening?
 
for their holidays?

short answers
short answer - positive
Yes, reversed bracket to table I/ we/ you/ they bracket to table did.
he/ she/ it
short answer - negative
No, reversed bracket to table I/ we/ you/ they bracket to table didn't.
he/ she/ it
- Did you see Joe yesterday? No, I didn't.
- Did it rain on Sunday? Yes, it did.
- Did Helen come to the party? No, she didn't.
- Did your friends have a good holiday? Yes, they did.
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