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Unit 20. it is done/ it was done (passive)
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Unit 20. it is done/ it was done (passive)
The room is cleaned every day.
The room was cleaned yesterday.

Compare:
 
Somebody cleans the room every day. (active)
The room is cleaned every day. (passive)
Somebody cleaned the room yesterday. (active)
The room was cleaned yesterday. (passive)
The Passive is:
 
      Past Participle
present
am/ is/ are  
  (not)
was/ were  
+
cleaned   done
exported made
damaged broken
 
past

The Past Participle of regular verbs is -ed (cleaned/ damaged etc.). For a list of irregular past participles (made/ seen etc.), see Appendix 1 List of irregular verbs and Appendix 2 Irregular verbs in groups.
 
- Butter is made from milk.
- Oranges are imported into Britain.
- How often are these rooms cleaned?
- I am never invited to parties.
- This house was built 100 years ago.
- These houses were built 100 years ago.
- When was the telephone invented?
- I wasn't invited to the party last week.
- Six people were injured in the accident yesterday.
Unit 20. it is done/ it was done (passive)

We say was/ were born:
- I was born in London in 1958. (not I am born)
- Where were you born?
 
passive + by …:
- We were woken up by the noise. (= The noise woke us up.)
- The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell in 1876.
- My brother was bitten by a dog last week.
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