Unit 21. What are you doing tomorrow? (Present for the future)
(настоящее в будущем)
|They are playing tennis now.||She is playing tennis tomorrow.|
We use am/ is/ are -ing (Present Continuous) for something happening now (see Unit 3 I am doing (present continuous) and Unit 4 Are you -ing? (Present Continuous questions)):
- "Where are George and Sue?" "They're playing tennis in the park."
- Please be quiet. I'm working.
We also use am/ is/ are -ing for the future (tomorrow / next week etc.):
- Carol is playing tennis tomorrow.
- I'm not working next week.
I am doing something tomorrow = I have arranged to do something, I have a plan to do something:
|- Alice is going to the dentist on Friday.
(= she has an appointment with the dentist)
- They are going to a concert tomorrow evening.
(they have tickets for the concert)
- Are you meeting Bill this evening?
(= have you and Bill arranged to meet?)
- What are you doing at the weekend?
- I'm not going out tonight. I'm staying at home.
You can also say "I'm going to do something" (see Unit 22 I’m going to …).
Do not use the Present Simple (I go/ do you go? etc.) for arrangements:
- I'm going out this evening. (not I go)
- Are you going out tonight? (not do you go)
- Ann isn't coming to the party next week. (not Ann doesn't come)
But we use the Present Simple for timetables, programmes, trains etc.:
- The concert starts at 7.30.
- What time does the train leave?
Study the difference:
|- I'm going to a concert this evening.
The concert starts at 7.30.
I'm going - Present Continuous: usually for people
The concert starts - Present Simple: for programmes, trains etc.