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Unit 38. Have you? / Are you? / Don't you? etc.

Unit 38. Have you? / Are you? / Don't you? etc.
am/is/are   was/were   have/has   do/does/did   can   will.
 
- ‘You're late.’   ‘Oh, am I? I'm sorry.’
- ‘I was ill last week.’   ‘Were you? I didn't know that.’
- ‘It's raining again.’   ‘Is it? It was sunny five minutes ago.’
 
- ‘Bill can't drive.’   ‘Can't he? I didn't know that.’
- ‘I'm not hungry.’   ‘Aren't you? I am.’
- ‘Sue isn't at work today.’   ‘Isn't she? Is she ill?’
 
Use do/does for the Present Simple, did for the Past Simple:
- ‘I speak four languages.’   ‘Do you? Which ones?’
- ‘Tom doesn't eat meat.’   ‘Doesn't he? Does he eat fish?’
- ‘Linda got married last week.’   ‘Did she? Really?’
You can use … have you? /… is it? / … can't she? etc. at the end of a sentence. These ‘endings’ are question tags (= mini-questions).
 
A positive sentence → a negative question tag
A negative sentence → a positive question tag
Unit 38. Have you? / Are you? / Don't you? etc.
positive → negative
It's a beautiful day, isn't it?
She lives in London, doesn't she?
You closed the window, didn't you?
Those shoes are nice, aren't they?
Tom will be at home tomorrow, won't he?
  Yes, it's lovely.
Yes, that's right.
Yes, I think so.
Yes, very nice.
Yes, I think so.
negative → positive
That isn't your car, is it?
You don't smoke, do you?
You haven't met my mother, have you?
You won't be late, will you?
  No, my car is white.
No, never.
No, I haven't.
No, don't worry.
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