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Unit 15. Past Perfect (I have done)
(прошедшее совершенное время)

Study this example situation:
 
Unit 15. Past Perfect (I have done) Sarah went to a party last week. Paul went to the party too but they didn't see each other. Paul went home at 10.30 and Sarah arrived at 11 o'clock. So:
 
When Sarah arrived at the party, Paul wasn't there. He had gone home.
 
Had gone is the Past Perfect (Simple):
 
I/ we/ they/ you
he/ she/ it
had (= I'd etc.)
(= he'd etc.)
gone
seen
finished
etc.

The Past Perfect Simple is had + past participle (gone/ seen/ finished etc.). For a list of irregular verbs, see Appendix 1. Regular and irregular verbs (правильные и неправильные глаголы)
 
Sometimes we talk about something that happened in the past: This is the starting point of the story. Then, if we want to talk about things that happened before this time, we use the Past Perfect (had …): Some more examples: Had done (Past Perfect) is the past of have done (Present Perfect). Compare:
 
Unit 15. Past Perfect (I have done)
  • Who is that woman? I've never seen her before.
  • We aren't hungry. We've just had lunch.
  • The house is dirty. They haven't cleaned it for weeks.
Unit 15. Past Perfect (I have done)
  • I didn't know who she was. I'd never seen her before. (= before that time)
  • We weren't hungry. We'd just had lunch.
  • The house was dirty. They hadn't cleaned it for weeks.

Compare the Past Perfect (I had done) and Past Simple (I did): See Unit 16. Past Perfect Continuous (I had been doing)
(прошедшее совершенное продолженное время).
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