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Unit 21. Will/shall 1
(использование will/shall 1)

We use I'll (= I will) when we decide to do something at the time of speaking: You cannot use the Present Simple (I do /I go etc.) in these sentences: We often use I think I'll … and I don't think I'll …: In spoken English the negative of will is usually won't (= will not): Do not use will to talk about what you have already decided or arranged to do (see Unit 19. Present tenses (I am doing/ I do) for the future (использование настоящих времен для будущего).) and Unit 20. (I'm) doing to (do) (использование doing to do))): We often use will in these situations:
 
Offering to do something
  • That bag looks heavy. I'll help you with it. (not I help)
Agreeing to do something
  • A: You know that book I lent you. Can I have it back if you've finished with it?
    B: Of course. I'll give it to you this afternoon. (not I give)
Promising to do something
  • Thanks for lending me the money. I'll pay you back on Friday. (not I pay)
  • I won't tell anyone what happened. I promise.
Asking somebody to do something (Will you …?)
  • Will you please be quiet? I'm trying to concentrate.
  • Will you shut the door, please?

You can use won't to say that somebody refuses to do something: Shall I …? Shall we …?
Shall is used mostly in the questions shall I …? / shall we …?
We use shall I …? / shall we …? to ask somebody's opinion (especially in offers or suggestions): Compare shall I …? and will you …?: See Unit 22. Will/shall 2
(использование will/shall 2).
See Unit 23. I will and I'm going to
(использование I will и I'm going to).
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