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Unit 41. Passive (1) (is done/ was done)
(пассив 1)

Study this example:

Unit 41. Passive (1) (is done / was done)

We use an active verb to say what the subject does:

We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject:

When we use the passive, who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant:

If we want to say who does or what causes the action, we use by…:

The passive is be (is/was/have been etc.) + the past participle (done/cleaned/seen etc.):
(be) done (be) cleaned (be) seen (be) damaged (be) built etc

For irregular past participles (done/known/seen etc.), see Appendix 1 Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs
(правильные и неправильные глаголы)

Study the active and passive forms of the Present Simple and Past Simple:

Present Simple
active: clean(s)/see(s) etc.
passive: am/is/are cleaned/seen etc.
  • Many accidents are caused by careless driving.
  • I'm not often invited to parties.
  • How is this word pronounced?
Unit 41. Passive (1) (is done / was done)
Past Simple
: cleaned/saw etc.
passive: was/were cleaned/seen etc.
  • We were woken up by a loud noise during the night.
  • «Did you go to the party?» «No, I wasn't invited
  • How much money was stolen?


See Unit 42 Passive (2) (be/ been/ being done)
(страдательный залог 2)

See Unit 43 Passive (3)
(страдательный залог 3)

See Unit 127 By
(использование предлога by)

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