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Unit 42. Passive (2) (be/ been/ being done)
(страдательный залог 2)

Study the following active and passive forms:

Infinitive
active:
passive:
(to) do/clean/see etc.
(to) be done/cleaned/seen etc.
Somebody will clean the room later.
The room will be cleaned later.
  • The situation is serious. Something must be done before it's too late.
  • A mystery is something that can't be explained.
  • The music was very loud and could be heard from a long way away.
  • A new supermarket is going to be built next year.
  • Please go away. I want to be left alone.

 
Perfect infinitive
active:
passive:
have done/cleaned/seen etc.
have been done/cleaned/seen etc.
Somebody should have cleaned the room.
The room should have been cleaned.
  • I haven't received the letter yet. It might have been sent to the wrong address.
  • If you hadn't left the car unlocked, it wouldn't have been stolen.
  • There were some problems at first but they seem to have been solved.

 
Present perfect
active:
passive:
have/has (done)
have/has been (done)
The room looks nice. Somebody has cleaned it.
The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.
  • Have you heard the news? The President has been shot!
  • Have you ever been bitten by a dog?
  • «Are you going to the party?» «No, I haven't been invited
Past perfect
active:
passive:
had (done)
had been (done)
The room looked nice. Somebody had cleaned it.
The room looked nice. It had been cleaned.
  • The vegetables didn't taste very good. They had been cooked for too long.
  • The car was three years old but hadn't been used very much.

 
Present continuous
active:
passive:
am/is/are (do)ing
am/is/are being (done)
Somebody is cleaning the room at the moment.
The room is being cleaned at the moment.
  • There's somebody walking behind us. I think we are being followed.
  • (in a shop) «Can I help you, madam?» «No, thank you. I'm being served
Past continuous
active:
passive:
was/were (do)ing
was/were being (done)
Somebody was cleaning the room when I arrived.
The room was being cleaned when I arrived.
  • There was somebody walking behind us. We were being followed.

 

See Unit 41 Passive (1) (is done/ was done)
(страдательный залог 1)

See Unit 43 Passive (3)
(страдательный залог 3)

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