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Unit 43. Passive (3)
(страдательный залог 3)

I was born…

We say: I was born… (not ‘I am born’):

  • I was born in Chicago.
  • Where were you born? (not ‘where are you born’)
bracket to table Past Simple
but
  • How many babies are born every day?
Present Simple

Some verbs can have two objects. For example, give:

So it is possible to make two passive sentences:

Other verbs which can have two objects are: ask offer pay show teach tell

When we use these verbs in the passive, most often we begin with the person:

I don't like being…

The passive of doing/seeing etc. is being done / being seen etc. Compare:

active: I don't like people telling me what to do.

passive: I don't like being told what to do.

Get

Sometimes you can use get instead of be in the passive:

You can use get to say that something happens to somebody or something, especially if this is unplanned or unexpected:

You can use get only when things happen or change. For example, you cannot use get in these sentences:

We use get mainly in informal spoken English. You can use be in all situations.

We also use get in the following expressions (which are not passive in meaning):

get married get divorced
get dressed (= put on your clothes) get changed (= change your clothes)

See Unit 41 Passive (1) (is done/ was done)
(страдательный залог 1)

See Unit 42 Passive (2) (be/ been/ being done)
(страдательный залог 2)

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