Unit 52. Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing etc.)
(глагол + -ing)
Look at these examples:
I enjoy dancing. (not ‘I enjoy to dance’)
Would you mind closing the door? (not ‘mind to close’)
Ian suggested going to the cinema. (not ‘suggested to go’)
After enjoy, mind and suggest, we use -ing (not to…).
Here are some more verbs that are followed by -ing:
Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence.
I'll do the shopping when I've finished cleaning the flat.
He tried to avoid answering my question.
I don't fancy going out this evening.
Have you ever considered going to live in another country?
Note the negative form not -ing:
When I'm on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.
We also use -ing after:
Paula has given up smoking.
We must do something. We can't go on living like this! (or …carry on living…)
Don't keep interrupting me while I'm speaking. (or Don't keep on interrupting…)
With some verbs you can use the structure verb + somebody + -ing:
I can't imagine George riding a motorbike.
You can't stop me doing what I want.
‘Sorry to keep you waiting so long.’ ‘That's all right.’
Note the passive form (being done/seen/kept etc.):
I don't mind being kept waiting. (= I don't mind people keeping me…)
When you are talking about finished actions, you can say having done/stolen/said etc.:
She admitted having stolen the money.
But it is not necessary to use having (done). You can also use the simple -ing form for finished actions:
She admitted stealing the money.
I now regret saying (or having said) what I said.
For regret, see Unit 55.
After some of the verbs on this page (especially admit/deny/suggest) you can use that…:
She denied that she had stolen the money. (or She denied stealing…)
Ian suggested that we went to the cinema. (or Ian suggested going…)
For suggest, see Unit 34.
verb +to… see Unit 53.
Regret/go on see Unit 55.