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Unit 54. Verb + (object) + to … (I want (you) to do etc.)
(глагол + object + infinitive)

want
expect
ask
beg
help
mean
(= intend)
would like
would prefer
would love
would hate

These verbs are followed by to… (infinitive). The structure can be:

verb + to… or verb + object + to…
  • We expected to be late.

  • Would you like to go now?

  • He doesn't want to know.

 
  • We expected Tom to be late.

  • Would you like me to go now?

  • He doesn't want anybody to know.

Be careful with want. Do not say ‘want that…’:

After help you can use the infinitive with or without to. So you can say:

tell
order
remind
warn
force
invite
enable
persuade
teach
get
(= persuade, arrange for)

These verbs have the structure verb + object + to…:

In the next example, the verb is passive (was warned):

Note that you cannot use suggest with the structure verb + object + to…:

For suggest, see Units 34 and 52.

advise recommend encourage allow permit forbid

There are two possible structures after these verbs. Compare:

verb + -ing (without an object)   verb + object + to…
  • I wouldn't recommend staying in that hotel.

  • She doesn't allow smoking in the house.

 
  • I wouldn't recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.

  • She doesn't allow us to smoke in the house.

Compare these examples with (be) allowed (passive):

  • Smoking isn't allowed in the house.

 
  • We aren't allowed to smoke in the house.

Make and let

These verbs have the structure verb + object + infinitive (without to):

We say ‘make somebody do…’ (not ‘to do’), but the passive is ‘(be) made to do…’ (infinitive with to):

Tell/ask see Unit 47.

Verb + -ing see Unit 52.

Verb + to … see Unit 53.

Verb + to … and -ing see Unit 55, Unit 56, Unit 57.

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