Агентство Лангуст [переход на главную] Langust
Яндекс.Метрика

Сводная таблица времен в действительном и страдательном залогах

Active voice (Действительный залог)

Indefinite (Simple)
Present Образование

Infinitive (без to) + в III лице единственного числа окончание -s;
to be=am, are, is

Употребление

We usually read books in the evening.
My friend reads English well.

Past Образование

1. Правильные глаголы: Infinitive (без to) + ed.
2. Неправильные глаголы: (см. таблицу)

Употребление

I finished this work yesterday.
He made his report last week.

Future Образование

will + Infinitive (без to)
иногда для 1-го лица - shall + Infinitive (без to)

Употребление

I'll go to London next year.
My friend will return in 2 days.

Continuous (Progressive)
Present Образование am + Present Participle
is
are
Употребление

1. He is reading a book now.
2. He is studying English at present.
3.He is constantly forgetting things.

Past Образование were + Present Participle
was
Употребление

1. I was reading this book at 5 o'clock yesterday.
2. We were listening to the report from 5 till 7.
3. I was writing a letter when my friend came.
4. While I was speaking to our teacher, Margaret was waiting for me.

Future Образование

(shall) will + be + Present Participle

Употребление

1. I'll be reading at 5 o'clock tomorrow.
2. Your son will be playing chess when you come.
3. I'll be listening to the report from 5 till 7.
4. While I am speaking to our teacher Margaret will be waiting for me.

Perfect
Present Образование have + Past Participle
has
Употребление

1. He has come.
2. I have already seen a new film (just, never, ever, yet).
3. This month we have studied much.
4. I have known him for 3 years.
5. He has lived here since 1950.

Past Образование had + Past Participle
Употребление

1. Our group had finished its work by 5 o'clock.
2. When I came to my friend he had already gone to the institute.

Future Образование (shall) will + have + Past Participle
Употребление

1. I'll have written my report by 7 o'clock.
2. He will have finished his work when you come.

Perfect Continuous (Progressive)
Present Образование have +been + Present Participle
has
Употребление

I have been waiting for you since 12 o'clock.

Past Образование had been + Present Participle
Употребление

He had been speaking for 10 minutes when we came.

Future Образование (shall) will + have been + Present Participle
Употребление

By 8 o'clock I shall have been working at this article for 2 hours.

Passive voice (Страдательный залог)

Indefinite (Simple)
Present Образование am + Past Participle
is
are
Употребление

This book is written well.

Past Образование was + Past Participle
were
Употребление

This house was built last year.

Future Образование (shall) will + be + Past Participle
Употребление

This article will be translated by our students.

Continuous (Progressive)
Present Образование am +being +Past Participle
is
are
Употребление

A new theatre is being built in our town.

Past Образование was +being +Past Participle
were
Употребление

A new theatre was being built in our town when I came.

Future Образование -
Употребление

-

Perfect
Present Образование have + Past Participle
has been
Употребление

This book has been read.

Past Образование had been + Past Participle
Употребление

This article had been written by 6 o'clock.

Future Образование (shall) will + have been + Past Participle
Употребление

By 6 o'clock this work will have been finished.

Употребление глаголов в Passive Voice аналогично употреблению глаголов в Active Voice.

Времена группы Perfect Continuous в страдательном залоге не употребляются.

Вернуться Продолжить
хостинг от Зенон Н.С.П. © Langust Agency 1999-, ссылка на сайт обязательна