Unit 21. Will/shall 1
We use I'll (= I will) when we decide to do something at the time of speaking:
(использование will/shall 1)
- Oh, I've left the door open. I'll go and shut it.
- "What would you like to drink?" "I'll have an orange juice, please."
- "Did you phone Ruth?" "Oh no, I forgot. I'll phone her now."
- I'll go and shut the door. (not I go and shut)
- I feel a bit hungry. I think I'll have something to eat.
- I don't think I'll go out tonight. I'm too tired.
- I can see you're busy, so I won't stay long.
- I'm going on holiday next Saturday. (not I'll go)
- Are you working tomorrow? (not will you work)
|Offering to do something
You can use won't to say that somebody refuses to do something:
- I've tried to advise her but she won't listen. (= she refuses to listen)
- The car won't start. I wonder what's wrong with it. (= the car 'refuses' to start)
Shall is used mostly in the questions shall I …? / shall we …?
We use shall I …? / shall we …? to ask somebody's opinion (especially in offers or suggestions):
- Shall I open the window? (= do you want me to open the window?)
- I've got no money. What shall I do? (= what do you suggest?)
- "Shall we go?" "Just a minute. I'm not ready yet."
- Where shall we go this evening?
- Shall I shut the door? (= do you want me to shut it?)
- Will you shut the door? (= I want you to shut it)
(использование will/shall 2).
See Unit 23. I will and I'm going to
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