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Unit 49. Questions (2) (Do you know where …? / She asked me where …)
(Вопросы 2)

When we ask for information, we often say Do you know…? / Could you tell me…? etc. If you begin a question like this, the word order is different from a simple question.


  Where has Tom gone?   (simple question)
but Do you know where Tom has gone? (not ‘Do you know where has Tom gone?’)

When the question (Where has Tom gone?) is part of a longer sentence (Do you know…? / I don't know… / Can you tell me…? etc.), it loses the normal question word order.


What time is it? but Do you know what time it is?
Who is that woman? I don't know who that woman is.
Where can I find Linda? Can you tell me where I can find Linda?
How much will it cost? Have you any idea how much it will cost?

Be careful with do/does/did questions:

What time does the film begin? but Do you know what time the film begins? (not ‘Do you know what time does…’)
Who do you mean? Please explain what you mean.
Why did Ann leave early? I wonder why Ann left early.

Use if or whether where there is no other question word (what, why etc.):


The same changes in word order happen in reported questions:

direct   The police officer said to us, ‘Where are you going?’
reported The police officer asked us where we were going.
direct Clare said, ‘What time do the banks close?’
reported Clare wanted to know what time the banks closed.

In reported questions, the verb usually changes to the past (were, closed). See Unit 46 Reported speech (1) (He said that …).

Study these examples. You had an interview for a job and these were some of the questions the interviewer asked you:

Unit 49. Questions (2) (Do you know where …? / She asked me where …)

Later you tell a friend what the interviewer asked you. You use reported speech:

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