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Unit 11. Determiners
(определители)

Main points

1. When you use a determiner, you put it at the beginning of a noun group, in front of numbers or adjectives.

I met the two Swedish girls in London.

Our main bedroom is through that door.

Have you got another red card?

Several young boys were waiting outside.

2. When the people or things that you are talking about have already been mentioned, or the people you are talking to know exactly which ones you mean, you use a specific determiner.

The man began to run towards the boy.

Young people don't like these operas.

Her face was very red.

The specific determiners are:

the definite article: the
demonstratives: this that these those
possessives: my your his her its our their

Note that "your" is used both for the singular and plural possessive.

See Unit 8 for "this", "that", "these", and "those" as pronouns.

3. When you are mentioning people or things for the first time, or talking about them generally without saying exactly which ones you mean, you use a general determiner.

There was a man in the lift.

We went to an art exhibition.

You can stop at any time you like.

There were several reasons for this.

The general determiners are:

a
all
an
another
any
both
each
either
enough
every
few
fewer
less
little
many
more
most
much
neither
no
other
several
some
 
 

4. Each general determiner is used with particular types of noun. You use some general determiners with:

a
an
another
any
each
either
every
neither
no
 

I got a postcard from Susan.

Any big tin container will do.

He opened another shop last month.

all
any
both
enough
few
fever
many
more
most
no
other
several
some
 
 

There were few doctors available.

He spoke many different languages.

Several projects had to be postponed.

all
any
enough
less
little
more
most
much
no
some

There was little applause.

We need more information.

He did not speak much English.

WARNING: The following general determiners can never be used with uncount nouns.

a
an
another
both
each
either
every
few
many
neither
several
 

5. Most of the determiners are also pronouns, except "the", "a", "an", "every", "no" and the possessives.

I saw several in the woods last night.

Have you got any that I could borrow?

There is enough for all of us.

You use "one" as a pronoun instead of "a" or "an", "none" instead of "no", and "each" instead of "every"

Have you got one?

There are none left.

Each has a separate box and number.

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