Unit 20. (I'm) doing to (do)
I am going to do something = I have already decided to do it, I intend to do it:
(использование doing to do)
- A: There's a film on television tonight. Are you going to watch it?
B: No, I'm tired. I'm going to have an early night.
- A: I hear Ruth has won some money. What is she going to do with it?
She's going to buy a new car.
- A: Have you made the coffee yet?
B: I'm just going to make it. (just = right at this moment)
- This food looks horrible. I'm not going to eat it.
We normally use I am doing (Present Continuous) when we say what we have arranged to do - for example, arranged to meet somebody, arranged to go somewhere (see Unit 19. Present tenses (I am doing/ I do) for the future
(использование настоящих времен для будущего).):
- What time are you meeting Ann this evening?
- I'm leaving tomorrow. I've got my plane ticket.
- "The windows are dirty." "Yes, I know. I'm going to clean them later." (= I've decided to clean them but I haven't arranged to clean them)
- I've decided not to stay here any longer. Tomorrow I'm going to look for somewhere else to stay.
You can also say that "something is going to happen" in the future. For example:
|The man can't see where he's walking. There is a hole in front of him.
He is going to fall into the hole.
When we say that "something is going to happen", the situation now makes us believe this. The man is walking towards the hole now, so he is going to fall into it.
- Look at those black clouds! It's going to rain. (the clouds are there now)
- I feel terrible. I think I'm going to be sick. (I feel terrible now)
- We were going to travel by train but then we decided to go by car instead.
- A: Did Peter do the examination?
B: No, he was going to do it but he changed his mind.
- I was just going to cross the road when somebody shouted "Stop!"
- I thought it was going to rain but then the sun came out.
(использование настоящих времен для будущего).
See Unit 23. I will and I'm going to
(использование I will и I'm going to).