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Unit 41. Questions (1) Is it …? Have you …? Do they …? etc.
(вопросительные предложения со вспомогательными глаголами be, have, do)

positive   you X are   You are eating.    
question   are you   Are you eating?   What are you eating?
positive   question    
subject + verb     verb + subject
I am late.  →    Am I late?
That seat is free.   Is that seat free?
She was angry. Why was she angry?
David has gone. Where has David gone?
You have got a car.   Have you got a car?
They will be here. When will they be here?
Tom can swim.   Can Tom swim?
- Where has David gone? (not ‘Where has gone David?’)
- Why are those people waiting? (not ‘Why are waiting those people?’)
do (I/we/you/they)
does (he/she/it)
bracket to table + infinitive (work/live/go etc.)

Past Simple questions: (See Unit 10. I didn’t … Did you …? (Past Simple negative and questions)
(отрицательные и вопросительные предложения в простом прошедшем времени)):
 
did (you/they/she etc.) + infinitive
 
positive   question    
subject + verb     verb + subject
You smoke.  →    Do you smoke?
They live in London. Where do they live?
Jack smokes.   Does Jack smoke?
She gets up early. What time does she get up?
They worked hard.   Did they work hard?
You had dinner. What did you have for dinner?
She got up early. What time did she get up?

Do can also be the main verb (do you do / did she do etc.):
 
- What do you usually do at weekends?
- ‘What does your sister do?’ ‘She works in a bank.’
- ‘I broke my leg.’ ‘How did you do that?’ (not ‘How did you that?’) - Where's John? Why isn't he here? (not ‘Why he isn't here?’)
- Why can't Paula come to the meeting? (not ‘Why Paula can't …’)
- Why didn't you phone me last night?
 
See Unit 42 Questions (2) Who saw you …? Who did you see? and Unit 43 Who is she talking to? What is it like?
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